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Healthy Eating (11th - 24th Jun) |What’s Food Pyramid?
The Food Pyramid is basically the classification of a variety of foods that we consume and it is categorized in a particular order of food group which provides a general guideline to a healthy diet that’s right for you. It was developed by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1992 and provides an excellent outline to help you make healthy food choices in order to get the nutrients we require and the right amount of calories to maintain healthy weight. In addition it also suggests the serving sizes of the food types to help you control the amount of calories, fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, sodium and sugar in your diet.
Description of each group in the Pyramid
  • Grain : This group of the pyramid represented by a thick orange strip defines the energy and fiber, iron and minerals) which should be an essential part of anybody's diet.
  • Vegetable : rich foods such as bread, rice, muffins, cereal, crackers, pasta etc carbohydrates, vitamins: This group of food represented by a green strip contains many vitamins and minerals. Green vegetables typically contain vitamin A, dark orange and dark green vegetables contain vitamin C and vegetables like broccoli and related plants contain iron and calcium.
  • Fruit : Marked with a red strip is the group of foods which include apples, oranges, plums, bananas, etc. Fruits are low in calories and fat and are a source of natural sugars, fiber and vitamins.
  • Oil : Represented by a thin yellow strip, oils include cooking oils, fats and sweets, along with some good fats found in items like peanut butter and fish. As the group is represented by a thin strip, it implies that you should eat less of this group.
  • Dairy : Marked with a blue strip this group consists mainly of dairy products which are calcium-rich foods such as milk, cheese, yoghurt etc. Milk and its derivative products are a rich source of the mineral calcium, but also provide protein, phosphorus, vitamin A and vitamin D as well.
  • Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dry Beans, Eggs, and Nuts : Represented by a purple strip this group is for foods rich in proteins, iron, zinc, and vitamin B12. Meats, poultry, and fish, beef, chicken, salmon, tuna, and shrimp, eggs, Spices and Herbs are also in this Group. Since many of the same nutrients found in meat can also be found in foods like eggs, dry beans and nuts, such foods are typically placed in the same category as meats, as meat alternatives.
Use the Pyramid to help you eat better every day according to the Dietary Guidelines. Start with plenty of breads, cereals, rice, pasta, vegetables, and fruits. Add 2-3 servings from the milk group and 2-3 servings from the meat group. Remember to go easy on fats, oils and sweets, the foods in the small tip of the Pyramid.
Know more About Healthy Eating
  • What’s Food Pyramid?